About the Minerva Center
Overview of the Minerva Center for the Relations between Israel and Aram in Biblical Times (RIAB)
Co-directed by Prof. Aren M. Maeir (BIU) and Prof. Angelika Berlejung (University of Leipzig)
The cultures of Israel and of Aram are two of the most important cultures of the ancient eastern Mediterranean (and the ancient world in general), not only in the fact that they played crucial roles during early periods (and are extensively portrayed in the biblical text), but as they are among the few cultures of antiquity (not only in the Levant but in the entire world) whose cultural patrimony exists until today. As it is clear that these two cultures were intimately connected throughout major periods of their development, the study of the character and extent of the interconnections and mutual influences between these two cultures is of deep interest.
To this end, the Minerva Foundation, of the German Max Planck Society, has awarded a Minerva Center, entitled “The Relations between Israel and Aram in Biblical Times (RIAB)” to Prof. Aren M. Maeir of Bar-Ilan University and Prof. Angelika Berlejung from the University of Leipzig (who will serve as co-directors of the center). The center includes senior scholars from Bar-Ilan University, the University of Leipzig , and other institutions is Israel, Germany and other countries, as well as junior scholars who are still in the process of their studies.
The center’s primary objective is to conduct joint research on the character of Aramean-Israelite relations during the biblical period (Iron Age and Persian Period). This said, the center deals with broader issues as well, such as relations between Israel and Aram in later periods (classical periods up until Late Antiquity), but also relating to Aramean communities and traditions of contemporary times.
In light of our research objectives, we study a broad range of theoretical and methodological perspectives, including whether concepts and constructs of “autonomy” and “autonomous decision making” can be utilized in historical research in general, and in particular for the explanation for socio-political connections and relations in Ancient Periods. The foci of our research on the relations between Aram and Israel function as case studies for this.
Inter alia, we study the character and mechanisms behind the relations between these two important biblical cultures, with a strong emphasis on what was the nature of these relations? How did decision making take place and how was it communicated? How can we describe the interplay between autonomy and dependency? This includes interface not only with archaeology, history, philology, textual and biblical studies – but input, perspectives and ideas from a wide variety of other fields (such as social theory, socio-linguistics, international relations, law, psychology, philosophy, etc.).
The center’s activities foster a deeper understanding of the connections between these two cultures over a broad range of periods, and lay the foundations for a broad range of topics of study. Through this, we contribute, in a meaningful way as possible – even if only through scholarly discussion of relevant issues, to the preservation of contemporary Aramean cultural heritage, which is under duress in the contemporary Near East. In addition, connections are fostered between scholars in Israeli, German and other institutions, as well as between Israelis and members of other contemporary Near Eastern communities – both on a scholarly and contemporary level.
The center is currently funded for 7 years, in which a series of conferences, meetings, workshops, student mentorships, and various joint Israeli-German meetings and activities are carried out, both on the senior/researcher level, as well as between students from both countries. These meetings are held both in Israel and Germany. While center’s main activities are at BIU and Leipzig, with the participation of BIU and Leipzig University faculty and students, scholars and students from other institutions in Israel and Germany, as well as from other parts of the world, join in on the center’s activities at various stages. The results of these meetings as well as of the related research are published regularly, in dedicated monographs and research articles (in the RIAB Center's publication series).
As part of the center’s activities, several stipends are being offered for doctoral studies at BIU, in topics related to the fields covered by the center, to be carried out in one of the following departments: Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, Jewish History, and Bible (according to the topic to be researched, the advisor, and previous studies). The stipend will be to the sum of up to 6000 NIS per month for 4 years, as well as a full exemption from tuition. The grantees will commit to not work in other jobs, and to complete their PhD within 4 years (in certain cases, an extension of one year will be permitted). In addition, the grantees will be required to participate in the center’s activities, including workshops and conferences, in Israel and abroad.
Students will deal with topics in the following fields:
Archaeology of Israel and Aram
History of Israel and Aram
The Bible and its Aramaic Translations
Hebrew and Aramaic Epigraphy
Ancient Hebrew and Aramaic Language
Second Temple Period Literature (Hebrew and Aramaic)
The first group of stipend applicants have already been chosen and in the coming years, we hope to offer several additional such stipends.